Teaching and Learning Resources by Peter Pappas

Test Prep – The Steroids of Student Achievement

As a life-long NYS educator, the NY Times article “Warning Signs Long Ignored on New York’s School Tests” came as no surprise. I’ve been posting on the impact of NCLB-driven standardized testing for years.

While business leaders and politicians lauded the success of the corporate-inspired standards movements, teachers knew that the impressive gains in student achievement were an illusion. As the NY TImes piece reports, for the last decade, a generation of NY students has been force-fed a steady diet of test prep designed to ready them for predictable tests.

“The fast rise… of New York’s passing rates resulted from the effect of policies, decisions and missed red flags that stretched back more that 10 years … The process involved the direct warnings from experts that went unheeded by the state and [NY] city administration that trumpeted gains in student performance… It involved the state’s decision to create short, predictable exams… making coaching easy…” NY TImes October 11, 2010

NCLB sanctions have closed failing schools that had persisted for years as “drop-out factories.” But we’ve paid a high price for accountability as measured by standardized tests. School were re-tooled to serve the needs of the test. Scarce funds were diverted to vendors who peddled programs guaranteed to improve student achievement. Creative teachers were mandated to drop the “fluff”  and teach to the test, while lecture-driven teachers droned on affirmed that it was the best way to ensure student success. Instructional time was devoted to what was tested – reading and math – so students were routinely pulled from art and music for “remediation.” A triage mentality set in among administrators who thought it wisest to focus disproportionate resources to student on the cusp of meeting standards to the detriment of other performance levels.

Of course the ones who suffered most were the students. They were forced to spend long hours engaged in an extended exercise in remembering what they were told, then practice it at their desk (or as homework) in preparation for the opportunity to give it back on the test (generally in the same form they had received it). Instead of exploring their interests, students served largely to produce performance statistics that educators could slice into measurable demographic sub groups.

While NCLB began with the admirable goal of narrowing demographic performance gaps and putting an end to sorting kids on the “bell curve,” test policy has set a course that defines student achievement in manner largely out of step with the skills our students will actually need to successful. Ironically, while our students spend endless hours prepping for predictable tests, the demand for routine skills has largely disappeared from the workplace. Anyone know of a meaningful and rewarding career that looks like filling out a worksheet?

Our kids are inheriting a world with a host of problems that will require some out-of-the-box solutions. Their success will be contingent on their ability to function independently in ever-changing situations as fluid, adaptable, and reflective thinkers. Our classrooms should be refocused on student creativity. But for now our education policy is still aimed at NCLB’s quixotic goal of all students reaching proficiency on standardized tests. Unless we institute more genuine assessments, our measures of student achievement will be as inspiring as a steroid-tarnished home run record.
Image Flickr / Jason

6 thoughts on “Test Prep – The Steroids of Student Achievement

  1. Reply
    Cheryl Harvey - October 17, 2010

    We have the same argument in NZ at present with a change to a centre right government and unstinting concentration on National Standards in primary schools.This is because we have not had success in closing the gaps in Literacy and Maths resulting in gaps too huge to close when the students arrive in secondary school.Schools, principals and John Hattie from University of Auckland have all lamented the speed at which these standards are being pushed through.

  2. Reply
    Peter Pappas - October 18, 2010

    Cheryl,
    Sorry to hear your students are suffering some of the same bad medicine. In education we have a habit of “oversteering.” A greater accountability for student achievement was long overdue. For far too long, inferior schools and teachers were allowed to persist. After-the-fact assessments via corporate standardized tests serve to punish more than prescribe. This is more about serving the politicians than meeting the genuine needs of students – who end up paying the price for a growing societal mistrust of teachers.

  3. Reply
    Cheryl Harvey - November 11, 2010

    Hi Peter,
    Well it could be a good thing if it means that students arrive at secondary school having attained the literacy levels they need to engage with secondary education and the national qualifications. However, the heat is rising and 240 schools are now opposing the government moves and refusing to cooperate. The government has prepared a graded list of sanctions, the final one being the sacking of the Boards of Trustees and the appointment of a commmissioner (NZ schools are self-managing). I have to say that the same sort of thing happened when standards-based assessment replaced the traditional bell-curve in secondary schools 10 years ago and the government at the time had to compromise in order to keep the right wing happy. It is always such a nuisance when politics invades education in this way.

  4. Reply
    Don Rasmussen - December 1, 2010

    Hi Peter — In the current political environment, and also into the forseeable future, I don’t believe we can get away from assessments. The key, of course, is more meaningful assessments aligned with authentic learning. However, I haven’t seen many specific suggestions for assessments meeting those criteria. Do you have any suggestions which could be somewhat objectively applied, allowing year-to-year comparisons and comparisons across different school systems and different states?

  5. Reply
    Don Rasmussen - December 1, 2010

    Hi Peter — As you note, the underlying problem is society’s lack of trust in teachers. My background is in engineering. Like teaching, when customers or management lost confidence in engineers, they would ask for detailed information about progress and justifications for choices. Anyone stuck in this quagmire had difficulty getting out, in no small measure because of the additional administrivia. Until we bring teaching up a notch, so that we are all considered true professionals, I’m afraid we will be plagued by second-guessing politicians and other out-of-field non-professionals.

  6. Reply
    Peter Pappas - December 2, 2010

    “Meaningful assessments aligned with authentic learning” – the Holy Grail that many would like to find. I don’t have any scalable answers to that quest.

    It’s sad that meaningful measurement of student achievement has taken a backseat to political grandstanding, assaults on teacher unions and the big money of test prep / standardized testing.

    Students seem to have been forgot, except to man the assembly line of producing test data.

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