The Four Negotiables of Student Centered Learning

I spent most of last week guiding teachers on classroom walkthroughs. (Here’s links to my protocol and some recent participant responses.) It’s an effective approach to professional development – one that focuses on the students, not the teacher. Think of it as a roving Socratic seminar that provokes reflections on teaching and learning.

One of the subjects that often comes up during walk throughs is how to recognize a student-centered approach. I tell participants to watch the students and try to decide the extent to which they are being asked to manage the four central elements of any lesson – content, process, product and assessment. Any or all can be decided by the teacher, by the students, or some of both. As I often said to my own students when introducing a lesson – “Which elements do you want to be in charge of? Which do you want me to decide? Remember you don’t  all have to take the same approach.”

You can’t simply “throw students in the deep end” and expect them to take responsibility for all their learning decisions. But with scaffolding and support, students will increasingly take more responsibility for their learning. The reward is the increase in student motivation that comes with greater student choice. And as students take more ownership of the learning process, they are better able to monitor their own progress and reflect on themselves as learners. See my Taxonomy of Reflection for useful prompts.

5 thoughts on “The Four Negotiables of Student Centered Learning

  1. Reply
    Educationland.wordpress.com - February 5, 2011

    As I think when we give students chance to participate during class ,they get two things at the same time .We can observe their progress and also they can monitor their progress themselves.

  2. Reply
    Dr. Peter J. Foley - September 19, 2011

    Clear and crisp writing. Thank you. Would like to put your short article on my web site in November. May I? http://www.SCLThailand.org

    Best wishes,
    Peter

    1. Reply
      Peter Pappas - September 19, 2011

      Sure – Feel free to re-post. Glad to see student-centered learning promoted on your site.
      Cheers ~ Peter

  3. Reply
    Betsaida Carmona - June 23, 2015

    Thank you for sharing this. This has validated the changes I have already made to take a more student-center approach to teaching. I had great experiences this past school year giving my students more choices and allowing them to take ownership of their learning. As a classroom teacher, I understand that it can be challenging to give students opportunities to have choices over the “Four Negotiables”; however, when we provide those choices, and students have a voice, learning becomes more meaningful to them. In addition, the level of ownership increases greatly. As a future principal, that is an area I am looking forward to helping my teachers grow in.

    1. Reply
      Peter Pappas - June 23, 2015

      Betsaida,
      Thanks for taking the time to comment. I applaud your journey as an educator. If we want out student to grow into life-long learners, we need to being the process of student choice early in their academic career.
      Cheers – Peter

Leave a Reply